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BSE 31 mars 2015 - no. 201

Documentation en Radioprotection d'EDF - DPI - Division Production Nucléaire

 


31 mars 2015 - no. 201

 

Vient de paraître

 

Articles

ORITA M, HAYASHIDA N, TAIRA Y et al. - Measurement of individual doses of radiation by personal dosimeter is important for the return of residents from evacuation order areas after nuclear disaster. – Plos One, 25/03/2015, 10, 3, e0121990, 11 p.

 

STRAM DO, PRESTON DL, SOKOLNIKOV M et al. - Shared dosimetry error in epidemiological dose-response analyses. - Plos One, 23/03/2015, 10, 3, e0119418, 18 p.

 

CUCINOTTA FA - A new approach to reduce uncertainties in space radiation cancer risk predictions. - Plos One, 19/03/2015, 10, 3, e0120717, 15 p.

 

COEYTAUX K, BEY E, CHRISTENSEN D et al. - Reported radiation overexposure accidents worldwide, 1980-2013: a systematic review. - Plos One, 19/03/2015, 10, 3, e0118709, 26 p.

 

SFEN – Fukushima 2015 : état des lieux et perspectives. – 11/03/2015, 7 p.

 

MCCURRY J – The Fukushima disaster : 4 years on. – Lancet, 11/03/2015, 385, 9973, e23-e24. 

 

ZEVALLOS JP, HARTMAN CM, KRAMER JR et al. – Increased thyroid cancer incidence corresponds to increased use of thyroid ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration : a study of the Veterans Affairs health care system. - Cancer, 01/03/2015, 121, 5, 741-746.

  • abstract

BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer incidence has increased in the last several decades and may represent either a true increase in the number of cases or increased screening. The objective of this study was to examine thyroid cancer incidence and the use of thyroid ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) screening in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system. The authors hypothesized that the incidence of thyroid cancer would correspond to increases in the use of these diagnostic modalities.

METHODS: This was a multiyear, cross-sectional study using VA administrative data from 2000 to 2012. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to identify trends in thyroid cancer incidence and the use of thyroid ultrasound and FNA.

RESULTS: An increase in thyroid cancer incidence occurred from 10.3 per 100,000 individuals in 2000 to 21.5 per 100,000 individuals in 2012. The rate of thyroid ultrasound use increased from 125.6 per 100,000 individuals in 2001 to 572.1 per 100,000 individuals in 2012, and the rate of thyroid FNA use increased from 7.0 per 100,000 individuals in 2000 to 46.2 per 100,000 individuals in 2012. A statistically significant increase in thyroid cancer incidence between 2000 and 2008 (annual percent change [APC], 3.81; P < .05) was followed by a more pronounced increase between 2008 and 2012 (APC, 10.32; P < .05). A simultaneous increase in the use of thyroid ultrasound occurred between 2002 and 2012 (APC, 15.48; P < .05) and the use of thyroid FNA between 2000 and 2012 (APC, 18.36; P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: Although the incidence of thyroid cancer doubled, a nearly 5-fold increase in the use of thyroid ultrasound and a nearly 7-fold increase in the use of thyroid FNA occurred between 2000 and 2012. These findings suggest that the increase in thyroid cancer incidence may be related to increases in the use of thyroid ultrasound and FNA.

 

ABEND M, AZIZOVA T, MULLER K et al. - Association of radiation-induced genes with noncancer chronic diseases in Mayak workers occupationally exposed to prolonged radiation. – Radiation research, 03/2015, 183, 3, 249-261.

  • abstract

We examined the association of gene expression with noncancer chronic disease outcomes in Mayak nuclear weapons plant workers who were exposed to radiation due to their occupation. We conducted a cross-sectional study with selection based on radiation exposure status of Mayak plant workers living in Ozyorsk who were alive in 2011 and either exposed to: combined incorporated Plutonium-239 ((239)Pu) and external gamma-ray exposure (n = 82); external gamma-ray exposure alone (n = 18); or were unexposed (n = 50) of Ozyorsk residents who provided community-based professional support for plant personnel and who were alive in 2011. Peripheral blood was taken and RNA was isolated and then converted into cDNA and stored at -20°C. In a previous analysis we screened the whole genome for radiation-associated candidate genes, and validated 15 mRNAs and 15 microRNAs using qRT-PCR. In the current analysis we examined the association of these genes with 15 different chronic diseases on 92 samples (47 males, 45 females). We examined the radiation-to-gene and gene-to-disease associations in statistical models stratified by gender and separately for each disease and exposure. We modeled radiation exposure as gamma or (239)Pu on both the continuous and categorical scales. Unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and the concordance for genes that were significantly associated with radiation exposure and a specific disease outcome were identified. Altogether 12 mRNAs and 9 microRNAs appeared to be significantly associated with 6 diseases, including thyroid diseases (3 genes, OR: 1.2-5.1, concordance: 71-78%), atherosclerotic diseases (4 genes, OR: 2.5-10, concordance: 70-75%), kidney diseases (6 genes, OR: 1.3-8.6, concordance: 69-85%), cholelithiasis (3 genes, OR: 0.2-0.3, concordance: 74-75%), benign tumors [1 gene (AGAP4), OR: 3.7, concordance: 81%] and chronic radiation syndrome (4 genes, OR: 2.5-4.3, concordance: 70-99%). Further associations were found for systolic blood pressure (6 genes, OR: 3.7-10.6, concordance: 81-88%) and body mass index [1 gene (miR-484), OR: 3.7, concordance: 81%]. All associations were gender and exposure dependent. These findings suggest that gene expression changes observed after occupational prolonged radiation exposures may increase the risk for certain noncancer chronic diseases.

 

GRANDE S, RISICA S - Radionuclides in drinking water : the recent legislative requirements of the European Union. – Journal of radiological protection, 03/2015, 35, 1, 1-19.

  • abstract

In November 2013, a new EURATOM Directive was issued on the protection of public health from the radionuclide content in drinking water. After introducing the contents of the Directive, the paper analyses the hypotheses about drinking water ingestion adopted in documents of international and national organizations and the data obtained from national/regional surveys. Starting from the Directive's parametric value for the Indicative Dose, some examples of derived activity concentrations of radionuclides in drinking water are reported for some age classes and three exposure situations, namely, (i) artificial radionuclides due to routine water release from nuclear power facilities, (ii) artificial radionuclides from nuclear medicine procedures, and (iii) naturally occurring radionuclides in drinking water or resulting from existing or past NORM industrial activities.

 

KASHCHEEV VV, CHEKIN SY, MAKSIOUTOV MA et al. – Incidence and mortality of solid cancer among emergency workers of the Chernobyl accident : assessment of radiation risks for the follow-up period of 1992-2009. - Radiation and environmental biophysics, 03/2015, 54, 1, 13-23. 

  • Abstract

This paper presents the results of a retrospective cohort study of cancer incidence and mortality among emergency workers of the Chernobyl accident, for the follow-up period 1992-2009. The cohort selected for analysis consists of 67,568 emergency workers who worked in the Chernobyl exclusion zone in 1986-1987. External radiation whole-body absorbed dose varied from 0.0001 gray (Gy) to 1.24 Gy, with a median of 0.102 Gy. Over the follow-up period 1992-2009, a total of 4,002 solid cancers of different sites were identified as the result of annual compulsory health examination, and a total of 2,442 deaths from all solid cancers in the study cohort were reported. Poisson regression was applied for the analysis of cancer incidence and mortality. The analysis of the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) has shown a statistically significant increase in cancer incidence in the cohort as compared with baseline cancer incidence among males of Russia. The average excess over the entire follow up period is 18 % [SIR = 1.18, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.15; 1.22]. In contrast, however, no increase in the mortality from all cancers among the emergency workers as compared to the baseline mortality in Russian men was found. Values of excess relative risk of cancer incidence and mortality per 1 Gy (ERR Gy(-1)) are 0.47 (95 % CI 0.03; 0.96, p value = 0.034) and 0.58 (95 % CI 0.002; 1.25, p value = 0.049), respectively. These values are statistically significant.

 

KOHZAKI M, OOTSUYAMA A, MORITAKE T et al. - What have we learned from a questionnaire survey of citizens and doctors both inside and outside Fukushima? : survey comparison between 2011 and 2013. - Journal of radiological protection, 03/2015, 35, 1, N1-N17.

  • abstract

The disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) remains unresolved because the estimated time to decommission a nuclear reactor appears to be approximately 40 years. The number of workers exposed to radiation doses ranging from 1 to 100 mSv continues to increase. To understand the accident progression at Fukushima and to anticipate what we should do in the future for occupational and environmental health, we performed a survey of citizens and doctors who lived inside and outside Fukushima in 2011 and 2013. In a comparison of these 2 years, the citizens inside Fukushima continue to suffer anxiety, although those living outside Fukushima tended to feel less anxious. Medical students who had recently studied radiation biology showed much less ongoing anxiety compared with other groups, suggesting that learning about the effects of radiation is essential to understanding one's own circumstances objectively and correctly. The lack of trust in the government and in the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) in 2013 remains high in all groups. Therefore, long-term forthright explanations from the government, TEPCO, and radiation experts are indispensable not only to establish trust with people but also to alleviate psychological stress.

 

KRILLE L, DREGER S, SCHINDEL R et al. - Risk of cancer incidence before the age of 15 years after exposure to ionising radiation from computed tomography : results from a German cohort study. - Radiation and environmental biophysics, 03/2015, 54, 1, 1-12.

  • abstract

The aim of this cohort study was to assess the risk of developing cancer, specifically leukaemia, tumours of the central nervous system and lymphoma, before the age of 15 years in children previously exposed to computed tomography (CT) in Germany. Data for children with at least one CT between 1980 and 2010 were abstracted from 20 hospitals. Cancer cases occurring between 1980 and 2010 were identified by stochastic linkage with the German Childhood Cancer Registry (GCCR). For all cases and a sample of non-cases, radiology reports were reviewed to assess the underlying medical conditions at time of the CT. Cases were only included if diagnosis occurred at least 2 years after the first CT and no signs of cancer were recorded in the radiology reports. Standardised incidence ratios (SIR) using incidence rates from the general population were estimated. The cohort included information on 71,073 CT examinations in 44,584 children contributing 161,407 person-years at risk with 46 cases initially identified through linkage with the GCCR. Seven cases had to be excluded due to signs possibly suggestive of cancer at the time of first CT. Overall, more cancer cases were observed (O) than expected (E), but this was mainly driven by unexpected and possibly biased results for lymphomas. For leukaemia, the SIR (SIR = O/E) was 1.72 (95 % CI 0.89-3.01, O = 12), and for CNS tumours, the SIR was 1.35 (95 % CI 0.54-2.78, O = 7). Despite careful examination of the medical information, confounding by indication or reverse causation cannot be ruled out completely and may explain parts of the excess. Furthermore, the CT exposure may have been underestimated as only data from the participating clinics were available. This should be taken into account when interpreting risk estimates.

 

LITTLE MP - Germline minisatellite mutations in the offspring of irradiated parents. - Journal of radiological protection, 03/2015, 35, 1, E1-E4. (pas d’abstract disponible)

 

MASSON O, POURCELOT L, BOULET B et al. – Environmental releases from fuel cycle facility. Part 1 : radionuclide resuspension vs. stack releases on ambient airborne uranium and thorium levels. - Journal of environmental radioactivity, 03/2015, 141, 146-152.

  • abstract

Airborne activity levels of uranium and thorium series were measured in the vicinity (1.1 km) of a uranium (UF4) processing plant, located in Malvési, south of France. Regarding itsimpact on the environment, this facility is characterized by its routine atmospheric releases of uranium and by the emission of radionuclide-labelled particles from a storage pond filled with waste water or that contain dried sludge characterized by traces of plutonium and thorium ((230)Th). This study was performed during a whole year (November 2009-November 2010) and based on weekly aerosol sampling. Thanks to ICP-MS results, it was possible to perform investigations of uranium and thorium decay product concentration in the air. The number of aerosol filters sampled (50) was sufficient to establish a relationship between airborne radionuclide variations and the wind conditions. As expected, the more the time spent in the plume, the higher the ambient levels. The respective contributions of atmospheric releases and resuspension from local soil and waste ponds on ambient dust load and uranium-bearing aerosols were estimated. Two shutdown periods dedicated to facility servicing made it possible to estimate the resuspension contribution and to specify its origin (local or regional) according to the wind direction and remote background concentration. Airborne uranium mainly comes from the emission stack and, to a minor extent (∼20%), from wind resuspension of soil particles from the surrounding fields and areas devoted to waste storage. Moreover, weighed activity levels were clearly higher during operational periods than for shutdown periods.

 

POURCELOT L, MASSON O, RENAUD P et al. - Environmental consequences of uranium atmospheric releases from fuel cycle facility. II : the atmospheric deposition of uranium and thorium on plants. - Journal of environmental radioactivity, 03/2015, 141, 1-7.

  • abstract

Uranium and thorium isotopes were measured in cypress leaves, wheat grains and lettuce taken in the surroundings of the uranium conversion facility of Malvési (South of France). The comparison of activity levels and activity ratios (namely (238)U/(232)Th and (230)Th/(232)Th) in plants with those in aerosols taken at this site and plants taken far from it shows that aerosols emitted by the nuclear site (uranium releases in the atmosphere by stacks and (230)Th-rich particles emitted from artificial ponds collecting radioactive waste mud) accounts for the high activities recorded in the plant samples close to the site. The atmospheric deposition process onto the plants appears to be the dominant process in plant contamination. Dry deposition velocities of airborne uranium and thorium were measured as 4.6 × 10(-3) and 5.0 × 10(-3) m s(-1), respectively.

 

SCHUBAUER-BERIGAN MK, ANDERSON JL, HEIN MJ et al. – Breast cancer incidence in a cohort of U.S. flight attendants. - American journal of industrial medicine, 03/2015, 58, 3, 252-266.

  • abstract 

BACKGROUND: Flight attendants may have elevated breast cancer incidence (BCI). We evaluated BCI's association with cosmic radiation dose and circadian rhythm disruption among 6,093 female former U.S. flight attendants.

METHODS: We collected questionnaire data on BCI and risk factors for breast cancer from 2002-2005. We conducted analyses to evaluate (i) BCI in the cohort compared to the U.S. population; and (ii) exposure-response relations. We applied an indirect adjustment to estimate whether parity and age at first birth (AFB) differences between the cohort and U.S. population could explain BCI that differed from expectation.

RESULTS: BCI was elevated but may be explained by lower parity and older AFB in the cohort than among U.S. women. BCI was not associated with exposure metrics in the cohort overall. Significant positive associations with both were observed only among women with parity of three or more.

CONCLUSIONS: Future cohort analyses may be informative on the role of these occupational exposures and non-occupational risk factors.

 

SIMMONS JA – Microdosimetric considerations of lung cancer risks from plutonium. - Health physics, 03/2015, 108, 3, 377-379.

  • abstract 

New data from the workers at the Mayak nuclear facility near Chelyabinsk, Russia, apparently show a linear increase in the risk of lung cancer with increasing dose. Furthermore, this increase occurs without a threshold. However, these conclusions are at variance with the results reported by other investigators. A possible cause of these inconsistencies could be the lack of application of microdosimetric considerations when discussing "dose" to the lung.

 

TAWN EJ, CURWEN GB, REES GS et al. - Germline minisatellite mutations in workers occupationally exposed to radiation at the Sellafield nuclear facility. - Journal of radiological protection, 03/2015, 35, 1, 21-36.

  • abstract

Germline minisatellite mutation rates were investigated in male workers occupationally exposed to radiation at the Sellafield nuclear facility. DNA samples from 160 families with 255 offspring were analysed for mutations at eight hypervariable minisatellite loci (B6.7, CEB1, CEB15, CEB25, CEB36, MS1, MS31, MS32) by Southern hybridisation. No significant difference was observed between the paternal mutation rate of 5.0% (37 mutations in 736 alleles) for control fathers with a mean preconceptional testicular dose of 9 mSv and that of 5.8% (66 in 1137 alleles) for exposed fathers with a mean preconceptional testicular dose of 194 mSv. Subgrouping the exposed fathers into two dose groups with means of 111 mSv and 274 mSv revealed paternal mutation rates of 6.0% (32 mutations in 536 alleles) and 5.7% (34 mutations in 601 alleles), respectively, neither of which was significantly different in comparisons with the rate for the control fathers. Maternal mutation rates of 1.6% (12 mutations in 742 alleles) for the partners of control fathers and 1.7% (19 mutations in 1133 alleles) for partners of exposed fathers were not significantly different. This study provides evidence that paternal preconceptional occupational radiation exposure does not increase the germline minisatellite mutation rate and therefore refutes suggestions that such exposure could result in a destabilisation of the germline that can be passed on to future generations.

 

SOKOLNIKOV M, PRESTON D, GILBERT E et al. – Radiation effects on mortality from solid cancers other than lung, liver, and bone cancer in the Mayak worker cohort : 1948-2008. - Plos One, 26/02/2015, 10, 2, e0117784, 20 p.

 

TAUNK NK, HAFFTY BG, KOSTIS JB et al. – Radiation-induced heart disease: pathologic abnormalities and putative mechanisms. - Frontiers in oncology, 18/02/2015, 5, 39, 8 p.

 

CHEVALIER F, HAMDI DH, SAINTIGNY Y et al. – Proteomic overview and perspectives of the radiation-induced bystander effects. - Mutation research-Reviews in mutationresearch, 01-03/2015

  • abstract

Radiation proteomics is a recent, promising and powerful tool to identify protein markers of direct and indirect consequences of ionizing radiation. The main challenges of modern radiobiology is to predict radio-sensitivity of patients and radio-resistance of tumor to be treated, but considerable evidences are now available regarding the significance of a bystander effect at low and high doses. This "radiation-induced bystander effect" (RIBE) is defined as the biological responses of non-irradiated cells that received signals from neighboring irradiated cells. Such intercellular signal is no more considered as a minor side-effect of radiotherapy in surrounding healthy tissue and its occurrence should be considered in adapting radiotherapy protocols, to limit the risk for radiation-induced secondary cancer. There is no consensus on a precise designation of RIBE, which involves a number of distinct signal-mediated effects within or outside the irradiated volume. Indeed, several cellular mechanisms were proposed, including the secretion of soluble factors by irradiated cells in the extracellular matrix, or the direct communication between irradiated and neighboring non-irradiated cells via gap junctions. This phenomenon is observed in a context of major local inflammation, linked with a global imbalance of oxidative metabolism which makes its analysis challenging using in vitro model systems. In this review article, the authors first define the radiation-induced bystander effect as a function of radiation type, in vitro analysis protocols, and cell type. In a second time, the authors present the current status of protein biomarkers and proteomic-based findings and discuss the capacities, limits and perspectives of such global approaches to explore these complex intercellular mechanisms.

 

EYROLLE-BOYER F, ANTONELLI C, RENAUD P et al. – Origins and trend of redionuclides within the lower Rhône River over the last decades. – Radioprotection,01-03/2015, 50, 1, 27-34.

 

ALIYU AS, RAMLI AT, GARBA NN et al. – Fukushima nuclear accident : preliminary assessment of the risks to non-human biota. - Radiation protection dosimetry, 2015, 163, 2, 238-250.

  • abstract 

This study assesses the 'radio-ecological' impacts of Fukushima nuclear accident on non-human biota using the ERICA Tool, which adopts an internationally verified methodology. The paper estimates the impacts of the accident on terrestrial and marine biota based on the environmental data reported in literature for Japan, China, South Korea and the USA. Discernible impacts have been detected in the marine biota around Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. This study confirms that the Fukushima accident had caused heavier damage to marine bionts compared with terrestrial flora and fauna, in Japan.

 

NAITO W, UESAKA M, YAMADA C et al. - Evaluation of dose from external irradiation for individuals living in areas affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident. - Radiation protection dosimetry, 2015, 163, 3, 353-361.

  • abstract

In order to effectively and appropriately manage external radiation doses in the affected areas of Fukushima, it is important to identify when, where and how much exposure occurred. It is also necessary to quantitatively measure external exposure and air dose rates for different activity patterns in individuals living and working in Japanese-style buildings. The authors used a new personal dosemeter (D-shuttle) along with a global positioning system and geographical information system to relate personal dose rate with activity patterns and air dose rate. Hourly individual doses obtained by D-shuttle can provide an effective communication tool for those who want to identify when and how much exposure occurs. Personal monitoring of 26 volunteers showed that personal doses obtained from D-shuttle were ∼30% of cumulative air dose estimated by data from the airborne monitoring survey. This analysis showed that, for most study volunteers, the exposure from staying at home represented about half of the total cumulative dose. This suggests that even though the peak exposure doses may be observed outside of working hours, to develop appropriate countermeasures for external dose reduction, it is thus important to identify the contributions of individuals' time-activities. This study provides a valuable basis for developing a realistic and pragmatic method to estimate external doses of individuals in Fukushima.

 

Dossier

IRSN – Fukushima en 2015. Dossier d’information. – 03/2015, nb p.

 

Normes

AFNOR - Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Instruments pour la mesure et/ou la surveillance de l'équivalent de dose (ou du débit d'équivalent de dose) ambiant et/ou directionnel pour les rayonnements bêta, X et gamma - Partie 1 : instruments de mesure et de surveillance portables pour les postes de travail de l'environnement. – 04/03/2015,NF EN 60846-1, 67 p.

  • abstract

Le présent document s’applique aux appareils de mesure et/ou desurveillance de l’équivalent de dose (ou du débit), destinés à la mesure de l’équivalent de dose ambiant (ou du débit) et/ou de l’équivalent dedose directionnel (ou du débit) dû à l’exposition externe aux rayonnements bêta, X et gamma, suivant la recommandation de la ICRU (Commission Internationale d’Unités Radiologiques), Rapport 47.

 

AFNOR - Appareils électromédicaux - Documentation sur la dose de rayonnement - Partie 1 : rapports structurés sur la dose de rayonnement pour la radiographie et la radioscopie. -14/02/2015, NF EN 61910-1, 41 p.

  • abstract

Le présent document s'applique aux RAPPORTS STRUCTURES SUR LA DOSEDE RAYONNEMENT générés par l'APPAREIL A RAYONNEMENT X entrant dans le domaine d'application de la NF EN 60601-2-43, d'avril 2011 ou de la NF EN 60601-2-54, de novembre 2009. Il a pour objet de spécifier l'ensemble de données minimal à utiliser pour consigner les informations dosimétriques et connexes associées à la production d'IMAGES RADIOLOGIQUES de projection.

 

AFNOR - Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Instruments de mesure du radon et des descendants du radon - Partie 4 : dispositif pour la réalisation d'atmosphères de référence contenant des isotopes du radon et leurs descendants (STAR). - 14/02/2015, NF EN 61577-4, 

  • abstract

Le présent document concerne le Système de Test en Atmosphèrescontenant du Radon (STAR) servant à tester, dans une atmosphère de référence, les instruments mesurant le radon et les RnDP.Le présent document ne concerne que les instruments et les méthodes associées permettant la mesure des isotopes 220 et 222 du radon et leurs descendants à vie courte dans les gaz.

 

AFNOR - Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Instrument de mesure du radon et des descendants du radon - Partie 3 : exigences spécifiques concernant les instruments de mesure des descendants du radon. - 14/02/2015, NF EN 61577-3, 34 p.

  • abstract 

Le présent document décrit les exigences spécifiques relatives auxinstruments destinés au mesurage de l'activité volumétrique des descendants du radon à vie courte en suspension dans l'air et/ou de leur énergie alpha potentielle volumique à l'extérieur, dans les habitations et sur les lieux de travail, y compris dans les mines souterraines.

 

Numéro de revue

Bystander effects. – Cancer letters, 01/01/2015, 356, 1, 1-144.

 

Ouvrage

GUARNIERI F, TRAVADEL S, MARTIN C et al. – L’accident de Fukushima Daiichi. Le récit du directeur de la centrale. Volume 1 : l’anéantissement. - Presses des Mines, 03/2015, 342 p.

 

Rapports

EDF-IGSNR – Rapport 2014 de l’Inspecteur Général pour la Sûreté nucléaire et la 

 

LE DEAUT JY, SIDO B, Office parlementaire d’évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques –Rapport sur les drones et la sécurité des installations nucléaires. – Assemblée nationale /Sénat, 

 

AEN – Occupational radiation protection in severe accident management. – OCDE, 20/01/2015, 

Réglementation

KNETSCH J – Pour une réforme du droit de la responsabilité nucléaire. – RISEO, 2015, no. 1, 

 

Autres informations

Congrès

ICRP - 2nd Asian workshop on the ethical dimensions of the system of radiological protection. A focus on nuclear emergencies and post-accident situations. Fukushima (Japon), 2-3 juin 2015. 

 

SFRP – Congrès national de radioprotection. Reims, 16-18 juin 2015. 

2ème annonce disponible sur le site http://www.sfrp.asso.fr

 

 

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